Be a role model
According to www.investopedia.com, children don’t know what to think about anything until someone else tells or shows them how it’s done. If you really want to kick-start their financial literacy at a young age, think about what it means to be financially responsible and embody that image. This means not taking on excessive debts, prioritising your purchases, setting a budget and saving money for both retirement and rainy days.
Children naturally mirror you and the decisions you make. If you know you are making smart decisions with your money, chances are your kids will pick up on it and make similar choices.
Play games that stimulate financial thinking
Contrary to popular belief, not all board games and video games are bad for you. In fact, some not only teach financial literacy skills but require them if the player has any hope of winning. Games like Monopoly, for example, provide a wholesome introduction to spending within your means, planning for the future, calculating percentages and interest rates, and simple arithmetic. Others, such as Starcraft, Sim City and Europa Universalis, teach players how to carefully manage their resources, adapt to a dynamically changing landscape (not unlike the national economy) and set goals for the future.
The skills kids learn playing these games will translate elegantly into real-world applications. Don’t forget to join your kids when they play, both for the quality bonding time and in case they have any questions.
Put the lessons in their hands
Young adults and children are gradually shifting their attention away from desktop computers and laptops in favour of the portability and convenience of smart phones. In a 2012 study, nearly half of millennials, who go online with their phones, said they did most of their online browsing through their phones. With children spending so much time engaging the world through smart devices, it makes sense to introduce personal finance through the same lens.
Apps like Facebook and Instagram are popular because they are intuitive and convenient. Personal finances shouldn’t be any different. Introduce your children to apps such as Mint, Level Money and You Need a Budget. These will allow them to visualise their finances and spending habits while receiving helpful suggestions and highlighting important lessons.
Use their allowance as training
Make the allowance a little more nuanced if you want to go that route. Have kids earn money for completing chores, or perhaps give them the option to take the money now or save up for a big outing, such as a day at a theme park or a trip to the movies. This will help them develop their own internal system of attributing value to money and the things it can buy. It could be an important first step to making sure they are not penny wise and pound foolish.
Let failures come naturally
No one is immune to financial setbacks. Even if you teach your kids everything you know about personal finances, that won’t be enough to protect them from a job loss, unexpected medical expense or market downturn.
During their early years of handling money, it may be beneficial to let them make a mistake or two along the way. If they forget to pay a phone bill, let them be responsible for the consequences. It might break your heart to see them upset, but they will learn a valuable lesson and gain some experience for when something truly serious happens in the future.
Shop with your child
When you go to shops or even the supermarket, show them price tags, and explain to them what the check-out person is doing and how at the end of the items, your bill is presented for payment. Curiosity will eventually enable your child to wonder where the money is coming from. You can also explain discount coupons, special offers and “sale” prices along the way. Children are observant, will copy your behaviour and as a result, learn many of the concepts you are trying to impart.
Explain the jargon of money
Children do not know how the concept of a credit card works. Imagine you are explaining how it works to an alien, slowly and simplistically. Run through all the money terms so that when your child hears the name of that money term, a bell is rung.
Credit (The Punch)